2. We don’t object to defining those creatures that survive to be the fittest for survival. We do, however, object to circular reasoning when it is used to date rocks and fossils. We object to circular reasoning when the theory of evolution is used to calibrate a molecular clock, and then that molecular clock is used to tell how long it took for species to evolve.
3. Some parts of the theory of evolution are testable, and some parts are not. Microevolution (the development of variations in species) has been confirmed by breeding experiments, and establishes the accuracy of Mendal’s genetic theory. Macroevolution (the development of new kinds of species) is only partially testable. The parts that are testable have failed the tests.
4. More and more scientists certainly are doubting the theory of evolution.
5. Disagreement among biologists (regarding the theory of evolution) are rampant because the evolutionary “facts” are merely opinions. There are no serious disagreements among biologists about other, non-evolutionary, biological concepts (how organs work, etc.) because these truths have been discovered using the scientific method.
6. The common ancestor of apes and humans hasn’t been found because there wasn’t any.
7. The theory of evolution must explain how life began on earth if it is to explain where all the existing life-forms came from. The scientific evidence is overwhelming that life could not have originated on its own through purely natural processes.
8. Random mutations, even when filtered by natural selection, cannot produce new biological features.
9. The Second Law of Thermodynamics does explain why life could not have originated without conscious intent.
10. Mutations can prevent genes from functioning properly, but can’t produce genes with a previously unknown function.
11. Natural selection does explain variation within species, but cannot explain the origin of new species.
12. Speciation rate would have to greatly exceed extinction rate for some period of time for evolution to create all the species alive today. The current extinction rate is measurable, and (to some people) alarmingly high. Nobody has seen a new kind of plant or animal evolve naturally.
13. There are no transitional forms, living or fossilized.
14. Living things do show evidence of design.
15. Living things are irreducibly complex, which could not have been produced by a series of partially functional prototypes.